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アクティビティ

防音測定器

中級 | MakeCode, Python | マイク, 無線 | 変数, 抽出, 科学的に働く, 計測, 通信

ステップ1: 作る

説明

Use two BBC micro:bits to measure sound levels in a science investigation into the sound insulation properties of different materials.

はじめに

プログラミングガイド

In this project you'll use computing technology to turn micro:bits into tools to help you carry out a science experiment.

It uses two micro:bits and a sound source to test the sound insulating properties of different materials. So you can read the sound level measurements even when the sensor is covered, it transmits sound measurements by radio to a receiver micro:bit placed nearby.

You can transfer the different code (below) onto the transmitter and receiver micro:bits, or you can code it yourself and learn about how it works in the coding video above.

Transmitter / sensor

The transmitter micro:bit, which must be a micro:bit V2, is the sound sensor which you’ll wrap in different materials. It uses its microphone to measure sound levels and then sends them by radio.

Diagram showing the location of the microphone inlet to the right of the touch logo on the micro:bit V2

The microphone senses sound from a small hole on the front of the micro:bit. Make sure that materials you want to test are not touching or moving against this, as this may affect your sound level readings. You may find it helpful to place the sensor micro:bit inside a cardboard box lined with different materials, for example.

音源

Place a sound source a fixed distance from the sensor. This can be anything, such as a musical instrument that makes a sound at consistent volume, or a mobile phone ring tone. We’ve also supplied an audio file below that you can play from a phone or computer.

Having the sound source make sounds of the same volume and the same distance from the sensor ensures it’s a fair test.

受信機

The receiver micro:bit is where you view the sound level readings. You can place it anywhere within a few metres of the transmitter.

実験の開始

  • Wrap the transmitter / sensor in the material you want to test.
  • Press the reset button on the back of the receiver micro:bit when you start each test to set the sound level back to 0. とても静かにしましょう!
  • 音源を使って音を鳴らしましょう。
  • Press button A on the receiver to view the sound level on the LED display. This is shown in a scale from 0 (the quietest) to 255 (the loudest). It shows the maximum sound level measured since you pressed the reset button.
  • Make a note of the number using our data recording sheet or on another piece of paper.
  • Repeat the experiment, wrapping the transmitter / sensor in different materials.
  • You can then analyse your data to draw conclusions about which materials make the best sound insulators.

必要なもの

  • 2台のmicro:bit. (The transmitter must be a micro:bit V2, but the receiver can be a micro:bit V1 or V2.)
  • 最低一つのバッテリーパック(送信機に使うのをおすすめします)
  • A constant sound source
  • 試すための異なる素材、例えば発泡スチロールや荷物を包むプチプチ、段ボールや紙などです。 A small cardboard box may also be useful
  • Sticky tape or rubber bands to keep the materials in place
  • A ruler or tape measure to measure a fixed distance between the sound source and transmitter
  • Data recording sheet or paper and pencil

補足資料

The data recording sheet can be used to record your measurements, and the sound file can be played from a phone or computer for use as your sound source.

データ記録シート

ステップ2: プログラムする

Transmitter / sensor

1from microbit import *
2import radio
3
4
5radio.config(group=1)
6radio.on()
7
8while True:
9    # turn the sound level into a string so we can send it over radio
10    radio.send(str(microphone.sound_level()))
11    sleep(200)
12    

受信機

1from microbit import *
2import radio
3
4
5radio.config(group=1)
6radio.on()
7max = 0
8
9while True:
10    if button_a.was_pressed():
11        display.scroll(max)
12    sound_level = radio.receive()
13    if sound_level:
14        if int(sound_level) > max:
15            max = int(sound_level)
16            

同じ部屋で複数の実験をする

If you need to carry out multiple experiments in the same room, each pair of micro:bits will need their own unique radio group number. Modify the code to change radio group number. 0から255までの任意の数字を無線グループに使う事が出来ます。それぞれのmicro:bitの番号が合うように確認しましょう。